The working relationship between humans and dogs in Arctic regions and the use of working dogs dates back to at least 4,000 years ago. The Chukchi people, living in northeastern Siberia, have been using dogs for herding and pulling loads since the Stone Age. Archeological discoveries suggest that canine assistance was crucial to human life in the vast and frozen northern regions of America, Greenland and Europe, whose natives created one of the most ancient practices: dogsledding.
Dog sleds were, at the beginning, a way to travel faster, improve the outcome of hunting, and bring more preys back home. Later, exploration, trading, transportation, and communication, were added to the list of functions for which sled dogs were essential, allowing the relationship between a musher and his dogs to carry through the ages.
Dogs have played a major role in the history of northern circumpolar regions. In America, Inuit and Yupik cultures, which are descendants of Eskimos that today live in Alaska, Canada, and Greenland, would not have survived if it wasn't for their dogs. They have pulled sleds since about 1,000 years ago. In the 1600's, when European explorers and traders came to the frozen American lands, they used sledding to CONTINUE READING----->
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